It may be useful to have a friend help you evaluate the evidence for and against your thought.

After the thorough evaluation of the thought, write down an alternative realistic statement that better reflects the reality. This statement does not have to be positive; it just has to be based on facts.

2. Addressing Anxiety-Induced Physical Sensations

Two techniques that best address the physical sensations of anxiety are:

It is important to practice those techniques at times that you are not anxious – at least in the beginning.

Schedule about 15 minutes a couple of times a day to do those exercises. For example, in the morning and before bed.

Progressive Muscle Tension and Relaxation

This is a special way of tensing and relaxing your muscles.

Why can’t we just relax the muscles? Why is it necessary to tense them first?

Sometimes, if we try to relax the muscles without tensing them first, it is difficult to achieve real relaxation. When stressed, we tend to forget how relaxed muscles feel! Therefore, start from one group of muscles and tense them for about five seconds. Then, release and relax for about fifteen seconds.

Now, tense the entire right arm for 5 seconds. Release for fifteen seconds.

The same with the foot, lower leg, upper leg, and then the entire leg.

Repeat on the other side.

After, tense and relax the buttocks, stomach, chest, shoulders, neck, mouth, eyes, and face.

In the beginning, only practice this in a non-anxious state.

Each time you release the muscles and relax, concentrate on the difference between the tense state and the relaxed state. This is very important and will eventually help you quickly achieve the relaxed state, as you will know the exact feeling of it.

A benefit of this exercise is that you’ll start to notice the first signs of tension as you go about your day, which will allow you to address it early on.

To practice Abdominal Breathing, lie down on your back and put one hand on the abdomen and another on your chest. Try to breathe in a way where the air travels all the way down toward your tummy. Your goal is for the hand on your abdomen to move up and down, and the hand on your chest remain still.

Now, try to inhale to a count of four, then hold your breath for about two counts, and then exhale to a count of four. Then, pause for another count of two.

As you practice, you can work toward making your exhalation longer than the inhalation:

Inhale for a count of four

Hold your breath for a count of two

Exhale for a count of six

Pause for a count of two

Please note that the goal of those techniques is not to avoid being anxious!

Remember, anxiety is our friend and we don’t want to get rid of it. We also don’t want to see it as dangerous and desperately try to avoid feeling anxious.

Instead, these are effective techniques to help you feel calmer during the day (and who doesn’t need that!), and also to take the edge off of the anxiety in difficult situations so that you can cope with them more effectively.

3. Changing Behaviours

This is a major part of addressing anxiety and it deserves a separate chapter. Please read on to learn about The Discovery of Oz the Terrible in .

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It may be useful to have a friend help you evaluate the evidence for and against your thought.After the thorough evaluation of the thought, write down an alternative realistic statement that better reflects the reality. This statement does not have to be positive; it just has to be based on...